Implementation of Zero Run-Off System on Cocoa Land to Increase Watershed Performance
a) Department of Agricultural engineering, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
One indicator of the decline in watershed performance is the increase in the ratio of maximum discharge to minimal discharge due to large surface runoff when rain occurs. Land use for cocoa cultivation can increase surface runoff by 389% compared to forest land. For this reason, it is necessary to implement a zero run-off system technology that can minimize surface runoff through increasing groundwater recharge. Groundwater recharge in the Zero runoff system was determined using Darcys approach. This approach requires hydraulic gradient data obtained through measurements of groundwater levels around the ZRO system using two monitoring wells and hydraulic conductivity data of saturated soil. Groundwater levels are measured interactively using a sensor level liquid aqua plumb with vegetronix data logger recording. The saturated hydraulic conductivity was determined using the falling head approach. Based on the result of the research, hydraulic gradient in one of the ZRO system in the research location is 0.4 and the saturated hydraulic conductivity of 2.61 x 10-5 m/s shows that the soil in the research location is textured moderate coarse or loamy. Thus, the velocity of water entering the soil is 1.04x10-5 m/s so that discharge of the groundwater recharge for one ZRO system is 4.16x10-5 m3/s with the cross-sectional area of the system ZRO of 4 m2.
Keywords: Watershed Performance, ZRO System, Cocoa Land, Darcys, Data Logger
Topic: Infrastructure and Environment
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