FARM HOUSEHOLD VULNERABILITY BEHIND LAND CONVERSION FOR PALM OIL
1*Post-Graduate Students of Hasanuddin University, Makassar South Sulawesi, Indonesia
The development of oil palm plantations has pushed for massive land-use change in Indonesia. As is the case in the District of Penrang, Wajo district. There are approximately 1,000 ha of agricultural land converted into oil palm plantations from 18,000 ha of land planned to be developed. The transformation of agricultural land into a palm oil plantation area with a partnership system has an impact on the limitations of the community in managing and accessing their land. Farming activities for both rice and other commodities such as cashew and others, and cattle grazing activities are no longer feasible on agricultural lands that have been planted for oil palm plantation. This condition triggers a shock to the livelihood system of farm households. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the vulnerability process and how communities conduct livelihood strategies to restore economic conditions and household livelihoods. This study used snowball sampling and indepth interview conducted in 2 villages namely Temmabarang village and Taddangpalie village, Penrang sub district. The results of the research indicate that there are some farmers households experiencing vulnerability due to land conversion in the form of vulnerability due to permanent disability due to workplace accident (shock), vulnerability in obtaining food (trend), and the vulnerability that forced the community to sell the assets (season) . And there is a change of income, asset ownership, expenditure, and resources that result in changes in the typology of livelihood strategies from the survival stage to consolidation in converting households.
Keywords: land conversion, Household Vulnerability, adaptive strategy
Topic: Socio-economic issues
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